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A Dive into the History of Croatian Currencies

Nestled in the heart of Europe, Croatia boasts a rich cultural heritage and a history that spans centuries. One fascinating aspect of this history is the evolution of its currency. From medieval times to the present day, Croatia has seen a variety of currencies, each reflecting the nation's economic and political journey. In this blog post, we will embark on a journey through time to explore the captivating history of Croatian currencies.

Medieval Beginnings:

Croatia's medieval history is marked by the use of various foreign currencies, as the region was part of different empires and kingdoms. Coins from the Venetian Republic, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Ottoman Empire circulated in the area, shaping the early economic landscape. One of the most interesting currencies to come out of this period are marten pelts embroidered with royal markings and since marten in croation is "Kuna" this is widely believed to be where the currency got its name.

The Austrian Influence:

In the 19th century, Croatia became a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This period saw the introduction of the Austrian krone as the official currency, but experiments with a combination of both coin and banknotes called "križar" and "forint" were tried out. The krone, križar, and forint remained in use until the end of World War I when the Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved.

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes:

After World War I, Croatia joined the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, later renamed Yugoslavia. The Yugoslav dinar became the official currency, and Croatia continued to use it until the kingdom's disintegration during World War II.

Socialist Yugoslavia and the Dinar:

After World War II, Croatia became one of the six constituent republics within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The Yugoslav dinar was reintroduced as the official currency, and it remained in circulation until the dissolution of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.

Modern Independence and the Birth of the Kuna:

The 1990s marked a turbulent period for Croatia, as it declared independence from Yugoslavia. In 1994, the Croatian National Bank introduced the kuna as the official currency. The kuna, with its subunit lipa, became a symbol of economic stability and national pride.

(All previous Croatian currencies used from 1994-2023)

Euro Adoption Debate:

In recent years, there have been several discussions about Croatia adopting the euro. As the government of Croatia proceeded through the European Union's accession they finally chose to adopt the euro as their national currency on 1 January 2023. The exchange rate between the kuna and the euro was set to 1 € = 7.53450 kn.


The history of Croatia's currency is a testament to the nation's resilience and adaptability in the face of political hardship. From the medieval use of foreign coins to the modern euro, each currency used reflects a chapter in Croatia's history. As the country continues to evolve, so too may its currency, providing future generations with a tangible link to the past.

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